Sand dunes of Victoria Land, Antarctica
Transverse-barchan dunes, together with flanking sand sheets and whaleback sand mantles, stretch more than 8km between the Victoria Lower Glacier and the perennially frozen Lake Vida, forming the largest and accumulation in Antarctica. The cold desert climate, persistent and strong summer easterly winds, thick, sandy ground moraine, and a broad valley train favor dune formation, although ubiquitous snow strata included in the sand deposits may limit movement. The dunes show short-term slip-face movements of up to 12 centimeters a day in mid-summer. Sand from the dunes generally coarser and more poorly sorted than that from beach-derived dunes, but it is similar to that of many interior deserts. An unusually uniform and generally high degree of roundness of sand grains throughout Lower Victoria Valley may be explained by inheritance of round Beacon Sandstone grains and/or by a related 8km long cyclical grainpath maintained in the valley by the combined action of winter and summer winds.
Calkin, P.E.; Rutford, R.H.Sand dunes of Victoria Land, AntarcticaGeographical Review64(2): 189-2161974